Water, wastewater, solid waste, energy, telecommunications & fibre, roads and other utilities will be owned & operated privately by the MarketTown.
Auckland Council has a problem. It acknowledges the need for growth and is designated SHA land to accommodate it. While the developer will pay for the roads, pipes and infrastructure within its developments, the council has to pay for its end of the connection... the pipes to Watercare, widened roads and so on. But the Council does not have the funds to do that, certainly not in the short term as anticipated by the SHA.
This is not a problem for a MarketTown because it is based on more sustainable systems than what is operative today. A showcase of sustainable management of resources, the MarketTown pays for its own systems, thus the role of government is to ensure standards are met, but not to make the decisions on how it is implemented.
- Water: Harvest its own water and process its own wastewater, so no pipes are needed connecting to WaterCare
- Roads: A self-contained local economy with no outbound commuters. There will be some increased traffic, but no where near the same as a conventional residential development
- Solid Waste: Operate a solid waste management system with a target of zero waste. This is done from the onset by coordinating the Wholesale Buying Group purchases that set packaging and durability standards when buying new products with the recycling systems that dispose of the packaging and the worn out goods at the end of life.
The following are examples, as the final decisions will be made by the implementation professionals:
Water: The core of the concept is "multipipe". Instead of a single pipe going into a residence, providing drinking quality water for all uses, each home will have multiple pipes going in and out, with segregated uses and closed loop systems that reuse water so that all water requirements can be provided by capturing and storing rainwater that falls on the buildings and streets and then reusing that water in a cascading hierarchy
Rooftop rainwater harvesting for bodily use. Water reuse for lesser quality requirements. No homes will have washers and driers. Instead, "free" laundry and diaper service will be provided using a commercial bulk system that recycles 85-90% of its water and heat. The remaining lost moisture (mostly in drying) may be fed into the greenhouse on top of the commercial laundry.
Waste Water: No sewage treatment plan. Instead, multiple pipes will go into and out of each building, segregating water and waste water use at the point of capture. Accordingly, toilets will use a separator system with a black pipe for feces and a yellow pipe for urine. Feces will be fed into a biological system that captures the caloric value (about 50% of food eaten is expelled with nutrient value), extracts the toxins - most notably heavy metals, and returns the clean water back to the toilet. The yellow pipe goes to a different system that generates struvite and ensures that birth control and anti-biotic medications do not get into the ecosystem.
Solid Waste: As mentioned above, the MarketTown will operate its own solid waste collection and disposal. It will target zero waste with a priority on reuse over recycle. For example, local food will be delivered in reusable crates and bottles. Tap water will exceed bottled water standards. The wholesale buying group will specify packaging standards to reduce non-reusable waste. There will be no washers and driers, and other whiteware will be selected based on its durability and repairability.
PV and Thermal Energy: New technology introduced into New Zealand combines PV solar panels with thermal panels to capture about 85% of the solar energy. These will be built into the rooftop greenhouses to generate electricity and heat for the houses below.
CO2 and Oxygen: The rooftop greenhouses will need CO2 for better food growth. They will have an exchange system with the human living spaces below.
Telecommunications: The MarketTown will operate its own fibre-based Internet and telecommunications system. It will discourage wireless to reduce the fog of wireless signals that are the latest experiment in human health. It will provide unlimited, maximum speed broadband to every user. It will be its own ISP and cloud host.
Roads: All roads on the private land will be owned and maintained by the MarketTown. The standards will be different for pedestrian and cycle roads in the urban core that will not suffer truck traffic. It is expected that many will use pavers that can be lifted for underground access rather than asphalt or concrete that must be cut and patched.
Self-supporting local economy: The self-supporting local economy is multifaceted. The part relevant to Auckland Council is the no-outbound-commuter policy. Instead of focusing on selling homes, the Senior Management Team's mandate will be to attract head-of-household jobs so the people who move to the MarketTown work locally. Because all cars will be kept in the motorpool rather than in garages next to private homes or on the streets, the MarketTown is able to regulate outbound commuting, and if it deems it a problem, will be empowered to issue a very limited number of commuter permits to ensure the MarketTown is not contributing to the gridlock that threatens Auckland's future.